Being blessed with twins is definitely the most exciting news you can possibly receive. Now that you have two babies growing inside you waiting to be brought into this world, keep in mind that the risk of challenges and complications will also increase.
As we all know no matter how exhilarating the news is, research reveals that having twins can be quite hectic and challenging as there will be two babies to take care of. Having twins can also lead to some severe complications that need to be managed with care and consideration. Twin pregnancies can give rise to more complications as compared to singleton pregnancies.
Here are some of the worst complications that twin pregnancies can trigger:
1. Morning Sickness
We are all aware that morning sickness is a symptom that we all suffer during pregnancy. Feeling excessively nauseous due to morning sickness is not just confined to the mornings, but in fact, some mothers experience this symptom almost throughout their days, during the first few months. In the case of twin pregnancy, this symptom tends to aggravate and heighten. Needless to say, this is the most exhaustive downside of twin pregnancies.
2. Weight Gain
It is an established fact that women gain weight during pregnancy, and the weight they can gain is not definitive because the weight gain tends to vary from one pregnancy to the other. While some women do not gain a lot of weight, some gain more than usual. In simpler words, it is difficult to predict the weight gain with a one-fits-all spectrum.
However, when a women is having twins, research reveals that she is likely to gain more weight than the women giving birth to one baby. This happens primarily because the mother is not only carrying the weight of two babies, but also, the weight of the extra fluids, tissue, uterine growth and the increased blood volume needed to supply the placentas with the nourishment for both the babies.
3. Preterm Labor
A twin pregnancy can also trigger the risk factors of preterm labor. Not all mothers giving birth to twins go through it, but there’s always a higher chance.
Mothers giving birth to triplets and more mostly have a greater possibility of having to go through preterm labor. Luckily, there are multiple ways to prevent it but these measures can often be unpleasant.
Just keep in mind that during a twin pregnancy, it is important to eliminate stress and anxiety.
Heartburn is one of the worst physiological symptoms during a twin pregnancy, and it is caused due to expansion of the uterus and the increased influx of hormones.
Heartburn is basically the burning sensation you feel in your lower throat and the area that constitutes as your upper chest, compelling you to consume less calories and fluids, which can lead to weakness.
Heartburn causes women with twin pregnancies a great deal of discomfort and inconvenience, and they often find themselves tossing and turning at night, leading to lack of sleep and excessive exhaustion.
5. Confined to the Bed
Experts recommend more than the typical amount of bed rest for mothers giving birth to twins or more because of the extreme side effects and grave consequences.
Women giving birth to a single baby typically do not require a longer duration of bed rest as compared to women giving birth to twins. This may sound tempting but bed rest is not that pleasing as it sounds and can get quite monotonous.
6. Aches and Pain
Women going through pregnancy have to endure a great deal of discomfort, including intolerable headaches, severe back pains, stretching ligaments and killing cramps.
Women who gave birth to twins complain of experiencing excruciating pain all across the body, making it almost impossible to stand.
Women with singleton pregnancies also experience these body aches and pain, however, these symptoms tend to heighten in the case of twin pregnancies.
7. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome is one of the most unexpected side effects that women experience during a twin pregnancy. Carpal tunnel is basically the tingling sensation and the feeling of numbness that you feel in your arms, making it difficult to function.
This is one of the side effects that accompanies only when having twins, triplets or more, while most of the people believe that is caused due to excessive typing, majority of the mothers are unaware that having more than one baby can also trigger it.
The persistent squeezing of nerves results in unpleasant sensations, and experts say that the swelling and fluid retention that is common in pregnancy causes the compression of bones and ligaments in the wrist, which leads to the onset of the carpel tunnel syndrome.
8. Stretch Marks
Stretch marks are one of the side effects that do not leave even when the babies are born.
Most of the bodily and emotional downsides of pregnancies are temporary and are gone once you deliver the babies, but stretch marks are usually not temporary and can last for an entire lifetime. They are caused due to the stretching of skin during pregnancy and they tend to intensify during twin pregnancies, resulting in separation of collagen that leaves pink and purple marks on the abdomen, hips, thighs and breasts.
9. Sleep Deprivation
Quality sleep and sufficient hours of rest are extremely essential for all individuals, and naturally, sleep deprivation can trigger restlessness and crankiness, alongside causing scores of healthcare issues and challenges.
Research reveals that majority of the women giving birth to twins suffer from sleep deprivation, even before the twins are born, which causes anxiety and extreme discomfort for the mother of twins.
10. Sheer Girth
Naturally all women are conscious about putting on an unhealthy amount of weight during pregnancies, and in the case of a twin pregnancy, this fear tends to exacerbate, and rightly so.
The sheer girth of the mother’s body becomes a constant source of stress and worry for her, because it’s just not the belly that expands enormously, but also, all the other body parts start increasing in size and swelling as the babies continue to grow. It also becomes quite an ordeal to perform basic functions and everyday cars, such as getting in or out of a car, going to the bathroom and even getting out of one’s own bed.
Mothers who are preparing to give birth to twins need to take twice the amount of care and precautionary measures as compared to women with singleton pregnancies.
The above mentioned downsides can be avoided with a thorough and pragmatic healthcare regime that focuses on maintaining health, virility and energy levels efficiently.
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Abdulla Al-Khan, MD, director and chief of maternal and fetal medicine and surgery, Hackensack University Medical Center, New Jersey.
Manju Monga, MD, Berel Held Professor and division director, maternal-fetal medicine; director, maternal fetal medicine fellowship, University of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston.
Mayo Clinic web site: “Twin pregnancy: What multiples mean for mom.”
Institute of Medicine: “Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexamining the Guidelines.”