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Coronavirus, obesity, diabetes and other underlying conditions: Which patients are most at risk?

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Despite the fact that people of all age groups are affected by COVID-19, but most of the patients who experience extreme complications have previous medication history.

Coronavirus risk: 90% patients had underlying conditions

According to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report, round about 90% of hospitalized patients in the U.S with coronavirus (COVID-19) had one or more health conditions like hypertension, obesity, chronic lung disease, diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Conditions (overall, one or more underlying condition) found in adults hospitalized with coronavirus adult patients in the United States.

Adults hospitalized with coronavirus in US
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CDC

Underlying conditions of those who died from coronavirus

Louisiana Coronavirus Patients
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New York Coronavirus Patients
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New Jersey Coronavirus Patients
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Is obesity a risk factor for Coronavirus?

Obesity and Coronavirus disease
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CDC

According to the most recent data released in February by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the weight problems in U.S reached 42.4% during 2017-2018, the most noteworthy ever. Mississippi and Louisiana are the top states with the highest weight loss problems inside the country. One in six children are facing obesity problem. Now both states have a high number of perished coronavirus patients who have been obese. More than 40% of coronavirus patients died in Mississippi.

Chronic infection is normally present in obese person and might weaken the immune system, disabling the healing procedure and delaying the recovery. Obesity is additionally related with chronic ailments that elevate the chance of loss of life in sufferers with COVID-19, nearly 48.3% adults hospitalized for COVID-19 were obese.

Does diabetes affect coronavirus risk?

Diabetic people normally have a slow immune response to the infection. The presence of the virus activates immune cells to fight the infection. Too many immune cells create hyperinflammation in the air sacs and a layer of dead cells makes breathing impossible.

People with diabetes can have most chances of developing complications if they catch coronavirus.

Does diabetes affect coronavirus risk
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CDC

The COVID-19 virus enters the host cell by attaching to the ACE2 receptor.

COVID-19 Virus ACE2 receptor
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CDC

What is ketoacidosis?

Without enough insulin, your body cannot burn glucose properly. The result is excess glucose called hyperglycemia.

Due to insulin deficiency, free fatty acid is broken down from fat cells and enters the liver.

The liver makes ketoacids (or ketones) out of the fatty acid.

Excess ketones lead to ketoacidosis.

What is Ketoacidosis
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University of California, San Francisco

Coronavirus and hypertension

Coronavirus and Hypertension
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CDC

Most of the U.S. citizens has hypertension issue. According to a CDC report, nearly 49.7% adults hospitalized for COVID-19 had hypertension.

“We do want them to try to stay on top of it,” said Sahil Parikh, an interventional cardiologist at Columbia University’s Irving Medical Center. “The challenge is that not every patient is able to measure their blood pressure at home. And so we certainly want them, if they can, to measure the blood pressure, for example, at least periodically, in the same frequency you might if you’re going to the doctor.”

Cardiovascular disease and coronavirus

There is no authentic study that shows the connection between Coronavirus (COVID-19), hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. But age can be the main factor.

Adults hospitalized for COVID-19 had 27.8% cardiovascular disease.

Coronavirus and cardiovascular disease
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CDC

Are African Americans more at risk from coronavirus?

Some communities are more affected than others to severe complications from coronavirus disease. According to the recent data by state health department shows that highest coronavirus deaths in South Carolina, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Illinois.

This chart shows the racial disparities in risk factors for COVID-19.

Racial disparities in risk factors for COVID-19
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